During the 1990s, there were significant population shifts in the Western Balkans as many became refugees, displaced across borders and internally displaced persons (IDPs), displaced within their state’s borders. While there are lingering cases dealing with IDPs and the sustainable integration of refugees, in recent years, Serbia has been experiencing a rise in asylum seekers and irregular migrants.
Asylum seekers are individuals who have fled their country of origin, and have applied for international protection. Irregular migrants are foreigners without the necessary documentation, in breach of the conditions for entry or stay in the country to which they migrated. However, many of these individuals may be eligible for refugee status because they are from refugee producing countries but only transit through Serbia eager to start the status determination process elsewhere in more prosperous surroundings. The Migration Programme is centred around the effort to protect the rights of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in Serbia.
Within the migration programme, Praxis provides free legal aid and raises public awareness about the vulnerability of these groups of migrants.